The region of Newfoundland and Labrador was the first stretch of North America's Atlantic coastline to be explored by Europeans. The Norse arrived from Greenland about 1000 A.D. and established settlements here during the following century. There is legendary evidence that other Europeans chanced upon the island during the Middle Ages. John Cabot certainly reconnoitered the area and claimed it for the Tudor monarchs of England in 1497, and West European fishermen began to visit the Grand Banks during the summer months on a regular basis shortly thereafter.
There are nearly 1000 European archaeological sites in the province. To learn more about the Europeans you can go to: